Myths and History

Female BAMFs of History
- Elizabeth I Tudor, the Virgin Queen of England
PART ONE: The Younger Years

Elizabeth was born on the 7th September 1533 to parents Henry VIII Tudor and Anne Boleyn (his then second wife) in Greenwich Palace, England. She is known as the “Virgin Queen of England”, but close friends and relatives called her Bess (it has also been disputed that her people called her Gloriana or “Good Queen Bess”).

One of the most iconic portrayals of her is that of her coronation portrait, with long flowing hair as a symbol of the coronation queen (and perhaps virginity) and robes patterned with Tudor roses and trimmed with ermine. She was baptised on the 10th September and held four godparents: Archbishop Thomas Cranmer, Marquess of Exeter, Duchess of Norfolk, and Dowager Marchioness of Dorset, and she was also named after both her maternal and paternal grandmothers; Elizabeth of York and Elizabeth Howard.

At the age of two years old (1536), her mother was executed and she was declared illegitimate and stripped of her rights to the title “Princess”. Eleven days after her mother’s execution, her father married Lady Jane Seymour, who in turn gave birth to a son - Edward VI - in 1537. He became the rightful heir to the Tudor throne and Elizabeth was placed in his household and carried the baptismal cloth at his christening.

When Henry died in 1547, Edward became King at the measley age of nine and the wife (Catherine Parr) that Henry left behind remarried Thomas Seymour of Sudeley. Catherine and Thomas took Elizabeth into their household in Chelsea, and it was said that that was the place that Elizabeth experienced an “emotional crisis”, and engaged in “romps and horseplay” with Thomas (and sometimes Catherine, who once held her while he cut her black gown “into a million pieces”).

Edward died on the 6th July 1553 (aged 15), and his will was thrown aside to the Succession to the Crown Act 1543, which exclused both Mary and Elizabeth from the succession and instead made an heir of Lady Jane Grey, granddaughter of Henry VIII’s sister Mary the Duchess of Suffolk. However, Jane was disposed of after as little as nine days.

After the failed reign of Lady Jane Grey, Elizabeth’s sister, Mary, assumed the throne. She was a devout Catholic and was determined to crush the Protestant faith - the faith in which Elizabeth grew up into. Mary’s popularity faded away in 1554 when she announced that she was going to marry Prince Philip II of Spain, who was also a devout Catholic. The public were discontent and a large majority looked to Elizabeth as a focus for their “opposition to Mary’s religious policies”.

During the period of January and February 1554, the Wyatt’s Rebellion broke out - named after one of it’s leaders; Thomas Wyatt the Younger. It arose out of concern of Mary marrying Philip, and her overthrow was implied during the rebellion, but not expressly stated as a main goal. Elizabeth, thought to be one of the spearheads, was brought to court and interrogated. On the 18th March, she was sent to be inprisoned in the Tower of London. Elizabeth’s supporters in the government helped to convince Mary of the fact that she was innocent and had no evidence against her, after which she was moved to a house in Woodstock and spent around a year in the charge of Sir Henry Bedingfield.

It was on November 6th 1558 that Mary officially recognized Elizabeth as her heir. She had been trying to have a baby for years, and was assumed barron after a couple of suspected pregnancies that turned out to most likely be phantom pregnancies - false/hysterical pregnancies. On the 17th November, Mary died during the middle of influenza epidemic (possibly from ovarian cysts or uterine cancer) and Elizabeth succeeded to the throne.

posted 1 year ago with 172 notes

Update

Hi! I realise I’ve not posted much these past few weeks, but that’s because my summer started literally the day I made this blog. This coming week I am going to have a ton of spare time in which I am going to be writing like crazy to get loads of posts done. If you have any recs, go to the ask box. I’d love to hear them!

posted 1 year ago

Female BAMFs of History
Cleopatra VII Philopator

Cleopatra was born in Alexandria, Egypt, in 69 BC, and died in 30 BC - aged 39. She is well known for being the last Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt, and was also a member of the Ptolemaic dynasty - a family of Macedonian Greek origin that ruled Egypt after Alexander the Great’s death during the Hellenistic period. Cleopatra was the only reigning monarch of the Ptolemaic dynasty to ever speak Egyptian - in fact she was a master of over 9 languages - as her family refused to speak anything but Greek. This is why official documents and such have three languages; Egyptian hieroglyphics, Demotic - Egyptian Arabician language that followed the Ancient Egyptian language and proceeded into Coptic, and Greek.

She is known for being a seductruss, though having only two known lovers; Julius Caesar, and Mark Antony. Some reports also say that she entered a joint ruling with her son by Caesar; Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar - or Caesarion as he was well known. Her relationship with Caesar was mainly to secure her grip on the Egyptian throne - and she also used her son by him to secure this. After Caesar’s assassination in 44 BC, she aligned with Mark Antony (and had three children with him; the twins Cleopatra Selene II and Alexander Helios, and later another son called Ptolemy XVI Philadelphus), who later committed suicide after losing the Battle of Actium to Octavian/Augustus’s forces. According to history, Cleopatra VII followed suit by coaxing an asp into biting her breast. There is significant evidence against this, however, as when Cleopatra’s body was found, there were two bite-like marks on her arm and nothing on her breast. Scientists also believe that she may have poisoned herself using a mix of wolfsbane, hemlock and opium.

posted 1 year ago with 258 notes

Female BAMFs of History
- Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire

Georgiana was born Georgiana Spencer in 1757 on the 7th June to father the 1st Earl Spencer (John Spencer) and mother Margaret Georgiana Poyntz. She was the first wife of the 5th Duke of Devonshire, and also the mother to the 6th Duke of Devonshire. She is the great-great-granddaughter of the 1st Duke of Marlborough, the aunt of Lady Caroline Lamb, and, via her illegitimate daughter Eliza, an ancestor of Sarah the Duchess of York. Also among her relations, she is related to Lady Diana Spencer - the later Princess of Wales, who was her great-great-grandniece. (It is also speculated that she is related to Lucrezia Borgia, but this has not been proven.)

Georgiana - often called Gee  - was a beauty socialite who married her husband, the Duke of Devonshire, on her seventeenth birthday. She had three children by him; Georgiana Dorothy Cavendish (the later Countess of Carlisle), Harriet Elisabeth Cavendish (the later Countess of Granville), and William Cavendish (the Marquess of Hartington and Duke of Devonshire after his father). Gee also had an illegitimate child with the 2nd Earl Grey, Eliza Courtney, and also brought up her husband’s illegitimate child with a maid; Charlotte.

Gee is known not only for her immense fashion sense, but also for living in a menage a trois (commonly known as a “household of three”, it basically means a three-way marriage arrangement) with her husband and a woman who she had introduced to him as her best friend, the Lady Elizabeth Foster. Elizabeth, having three children already, also had two children with the Duke; Caroline Rosalie Adelaide and Sir Augustus Clifford.

Her fashion sense was elaborate and very unique, and she was the leader of the ‘ton’, a group of fashionable aristocratic ladies who pioneered the towering hairstyles that Gee is so famous for. Her hair was usually topped by large ostrich feathers, massively oversized hats, or artificial aviary. Gee was also known for being very political, and in the 1784 election, she traded kisses in favour for the support of Fox.

Though she was seen as very ladylike, she was also enamoured with gambling. Her family, the Spencers, were very wealthy, but refused to support her gambling habits. Gee was so terrified of her husband discovering her gambling debts that she kept them secret - only for him to discover when she died in 1806, aged 48, from what is thought to be an abscess of the liver. After being buried at All Saints Parish Church (Derby Cathedral), she owed today’s equivalent of £3,720,000. When the Duke of Devonshire was told about these debts, he commented “is that all?”

posted 1 year ago with 131 notes

Okay, so I know there are a lot of people moaning at me in my inbox right now because I uploaded the wrong photo of Elisabeth, but I have a massive folder full of pictures that I’m saving into drafts so that I can just paste the words, so apologies for that. I plan on doing Empress Maria and that is why she is there. Thanks for telling me.

posted 1 year ago

Female BAMFs of History
- Anne Boleyn, Marquess of Pembroke/Queen Consort of England

Anne Boleyn was born in 1501 to parents Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, and Lady Elizabeth Howard. She had two siblings, Mary Boleyn and George Boleyn - the later Viscount of Rochford. She was the second wife of one of the most famous English monarchs to this day; Henry VIII Tudor. Because of this marriage (and her beheading), she was a key figure in the English Reformation. Anne was educated in the Netherlands and France, a large proportion of her time being maid of honour to Claude of France. Upon her return to England in 1522, she was due to marry her Irish cousin, James Butler, 9th Earl of Ormond. These plans fell through when she was secured a place at court as maid of honour for Henry’s first wife, Queen Consort Catherine of Aragon.

Although Anne became Henry’s wife, her sister Mary was the first to have an affair with him. After marrying William Carey in February 1520 - in which the King attended, he soon became the King’s mistress. Mary bore him one confirmed child; William Carey, 1st Baron Hunsdon, though some reports say that she bore him more than one. Anne Boleyn made her debut with Henry by playing Perseverance in a play in honour of the Imperial Ambassadors. It was during this time that Anne was courted by Henry Percy, the son of the Earl of Northumberland, and they entered a secret betrothal. Unfortunately for Percy, the romance was broken off when his father refused to support their engagement, and Anne was sent back to her family’s estates for a short period of time before returning to the service of Catherine of Aragon.

It was then in 1526 that King Henry became utterly enamoured with Anne and began to pursue her. Documents say that Anne resisted his temptations to seduce her, refusing to become his mistress, and she often left court to head back to her childhood home at Hever Castle. But, within a year, he had proposed to her and she had accepted. Lots of sources say that she refused to even accept his proposal until he had annulled the marriage to his first wife, Catherine, and that she used the chance of bearing him a son to coerce him into it. Henry’s quest for the annulment came to be known as the “King’s Great Matter.”

It became known that Anne was pregnant with her first child with Henry before they had married, which, some reporters say, is why they married in haste. If they risked having a child before Anne was married to Henry and crowned queen, if would not be able to succeed to the throne and would be named a bastard. Queen Catherine was formally stripped of her title on the 1st June 1533 - the same day that Anne had been crowned Queen Consort and had also had a magnificent ceremony in Westminster Abbey. She was crowned with St Edward’s crown, which was presumably because she was heavily pregnant at the time and was carrying a child which was thought to be male.

Princess Elizabeth I - the later Queen Elizabeth I who would go onto become one of the most popular reigning sovereigns, and whose reign was known as the “Golden Age” - was born in Greenwich Palace on the 7th September 1533. As early as Christmas 1534, Anne was pregnant and had either a still-birth or a miscarriage. By this time, Henry began discussing the possibility of divorcing Anne with Cromwell and Cranmer. Nothing came of this and the couple reconciled, ending in Anne being pregnant by October 1535.

On the 8th January 1536, Catherine of Aragon’s death reached Henry and Anne. They were both overjoyed and wore yellow - the colour of joy and celebration - the very next day. Anne, happy with Catherine’s death, tried to make peace with Mary, who rejected her proposal and said that she recognised no queen other than her mother. By this time, Anne was newly pregnant and cautious of what would happen if she failed to give birth to a son to carry Henry’s bloodline. She knew that Henry would be free to marry without illegality because of Catherine’s death, which caused her to miscarriage along with the fact that she claimed it was because of Henry being unhorsed in a jousting tournament and was thought to be dead for two hours.

Once recovered, Henry declared that he had been seduced into marrying Anne by way of “sortilege” - deception or spells, and he moved his new mistress, Jane Seymour, into the royal quarters. He also refused Anne’s brother a prestigious court honour - the Order of the Garter, and gave it instead to Sir Nicholas Carew. On the 2nd May 1536, Anne was arrested after several claims of infidelity (an example being Mark Smeaton, a Flemish musician) and witchcraft (by Henry). She was taken to the Tower of London by a barge and likely entered through the Court Gate instead of the Traitor’s Gate. According to sources, she collapsed in the tower after demanding to know the location of her father and “swete broder”, and also the charges against her.

On May 19th, Anne was executed on a scaffold erected on the north side of the White Tower (in front of the Waterloo Barracks). Apparently she showed a “devilish spirit” and looked “as gay as if she was not going to die”. She was executed knelt upright - the French way, and her final prayer consisted of her repeating “to Jesus Christ I commend my soul; Lord Jesus receive my soul” over and over again. It was said to have consisted of one single stroke, and the executioner had to shout “where’s my sword?” so that Anne angled her head correctly for him to make a clean cut.

posted 1 year ago with 164 notes

Female BAMFs of History
- Empress Elisabeth Joseph (nee Eugenie) of Austria

Elisabeth - or Sisi as she was more commonly known - was born on the 24th December 1837 to the Duke Maximillian Joseph of Bavaria and Princess Ludovika of Bavaria. She is known for being the Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary, as well as having a significant influence on politics. Sisi married her cousin - Francis Joseph I of Austria - on the 24th April 1854, and gave birth to their first child together, Archduchess Sophie of Austria, just ten months later. Sophie was named after Sisi’s aunt, Princess Sophie of Bavaria, without any input from the Empress. The baby was then promptly put in the care of Princess Sophie, who refused to let Sisi breastfeed or care for her child. A year later, Archduchess Gisela of Austria was born, and was also taken away from Sisi. Shortly after the birth of Gisela, Sisi’s first daughter Sophie died while on a visit in Budapest with her little sister and parents. It was thought that both her and Gisela had suffered from typhus fever, and, although Gisela had recovered, Sophie did not. 

This set off a period of mourning and depression in Sisi’s life, and although she wasn’t directly blamed for her daughter’s death, Princess Sophie held her responsible. Sisi suffered breakdowns, would go horse-riding until she was at a state of exhaustion, and she neglected her only living daughter. Elisabeth was unusually tall for her age, and was actually around two inches taller than her husband. She felt as though the only thing she had control of in her life was her physical appearance, and so she began to use this as her main source of self-esteem. She kept her weight at 50kg, which she achieved through fasting and exercise, as well as “fasting cures” when she feared she was going to go over. After the death of her daughter, she refused to eat for days and disliked eating supper with her family, and often ate a diet of either the juice of half-raw beef steaks (meat itself disgusted her) or milk and eggs.

The birth of Sisi’s son, Rudolf, on August 2st 1858, meant that the pressure of producing a male heir was finally lifted from Sisi. It also gave her more of an influence in court, which went well along with her growing interested in politics as she matured. But this did not stop the fact that Sophie was now also blocking her from caring for her only son, and this declined her physical and mental health even more. She had nervous attacks, frequent fits of coughing, a severe exercise regime and fasting cures. Her doctor diagnosed her with anemia, physical exhaustion, and he also feared that she may have tuberculosis. He advised her to take a trip to Madeira, and Sisi jumped at the chance. When she returned six months later, the coughing fits and fever again started showing symptoms just four days after being back in Vienna.

After Rudolf turned four, Franz Joseph wanted another son to safeguard the succession, but Sisi’s doctor said that Sisi’s health would not permit another pregnancy. Sisi commented that “children are the curse of a woman, for when they come, they drive away Beauty, which is the best gift of the gods”, and she fell back into her pattern of escaping boredom by extreme exercising and using her poor health as an excuse to avoid intimacy with Franz. After uses many excuses to avoid pregnancy, Sisi decided that she wanted to have another baby deliberately as a political negotiation. If she returned to her marriage, she ensured that Hungary would gain an equal alliance with Austria. She gave birth to her last child, Archduchess Marie Valerie, in 1868, and she was dubbed “the Hungarian Child”. Marie Valerie was the child that she could finally nurse and call her own, after the decline of Princess Sophie’s influence over the court and Sisi’s children.

In 1888, Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria met Baroness Marie Vetsera, and began an affair with her. Official reports claim that it was Franz Joseph’s demand that the couple break off the affair that made Rudolf commit suicide. According to records, he first shot the Baroness in the head, and then he shot himself. Following this, the marriage of Sisi and Franz Joseph collapsed completely, and Sisi spent much of her time abroad until her assassination at on Saturday 10th September 1898. Franz Joseph, upon hearing the assassination of his beloved wife, stated “you will never know how much I loved this woman.”

posted 1 year ago with 248 notes

Female BAMFs of Mythology
Psyche

The Myth of Psyche and Eros has been proven to have been just a myth, and first appeared in Lucius Apuleius’ novel, The Golden Ass, which was written in the 2nd Century AD. It is a story about Psyche, a princess - of Sicily - so beautiful that she could have rivalled the Goddess of beauty, Aphrodite. Aphrodite was jealous of Psyche’s beauty, and sent her son, Eros (Cupid) to shoot her with an arrow and make her fall in love with the ugliest creature on earth. Eros went to Psyche’s room, pulled out his bow and golden arrows, and accidentally scratched himself when Psyche woke up and looked right into his eyes. Enraged, Aphrodite cursed Psyche with never being able to find a suitable husband. Her father, the King of Sicily, gets worried and consults an oracle, who tells him to take her to a mountaintop and leave her. Eros took her to a secret palace and eventually ended up marrying her. Zeus, the King of Olympus, makes her Psyche the Goddess of Soul. She and Eros have one child; Voluptas the Goddess of Sensual Pleasures.

posted 1 year ago with 1,950 notes